A new study from the CDC has found the overall likelihood for an American to be diagnosed with HIV is 1 in 99, down from the 1 in 78 lifetime risk the CDC found in 2005.
However, the risk is markedly higher for some groups of people, in particular, half of black gay men and a quarter of Hispanic gay men in the United States will be diagnosed with HIV at some point in their lifetime.
The numbers on the most at-risk groups are as follows:
– At current rates, 1 in 6 gay and bisexual will be diagnosed with HIV in their lifetime, which represents a 79 times greater chance of diagnosis than heterosexual men. These numbers vary greatly by race, with 1 in 2 black, 1 in 4 Latino, and 1 in 11 white men who have sex with other men at risk of an HIV diagnosis.
– African Americans overall are by far the most affected racial or ethnic group with a lifetime HIV risk of 1 in 20 for men (compared to 1 in 132 for whites) and 1 in 48 for women (compared to 1 in 880 for whites). This is despite other studies showing black people do not engage in more risky sexual behavior compared to other racial or ethnic groups.
– People who inject drugs are at much higher lifetime risk than the general population, and women who inject drugs have a higher risk than men (1 in 23 compared with 1 in 36).
– People living in the South are more likely to be diagnosed with HIV over the course of their lifetime than other Americans, with the highest risk in Washington, DC (1 in 13), Maryland (1 in 49), Georgia (1 in 51), Florida (1 in 54), and Louisiana (1 in 56).