A ranking of the world’s most violent cities by CCSP-JP, a Mexican NGO, reports that Venezuela’s capital Caracas had the highest murder rate in the world in 2015, with 3946 murders, or almost 120 deaths per 100,000 people.
The cities with the next highest homicide rates were San Pedro Sula in Honduras (previously number one), with just over 111 murders per 100,000 people; The capital of El Salvador, San Salvador with 108.54 per 100,000; and Acapulco and Maturin in Mexico, at 104.73 and 86.45 per 100,000 respectively.
San Salvador’s murder rate almost doubled last year to 1,900, a lachrymose trend reflected nationally as El Salvador surpassed Honduras as the country with the world’s highest murder rate.
Brazil had the largest number of the world’s most murderous cities in 2015 at21, up from 14 just five years ago.
The only countries outside of Latin America to have cities among the 50 most murderous were Jamaica with it’s capital of Kingston, and South Africa and the United States, each with four cities. Cape Town in South Africa, had the second-highest number of actual homicides in the world for 2015 at 2451.
St. Louis, with 188 homicides for its 317,000 residents, was the city with the highest murder rate in the US. Baltimore had the second highest homicide rate of any American city, with 434 deaths from its population of 624,000. Baltimore also had the dubious honor of making the biggest rise in placement overall – from 40th to 19th. The United States is the only developed country to make the list of the world’s most murderous cities.
The rankings for highest murder rate only apply to cities with 300,000 people or more, and do not count war zones or cities with unavailable data.